Gateway on Pesticide Hazards and Safe Pest Management
Beyond Pesticides offers resources below to evaluate the health and ecological effects of specific chemical exposure from ACTIVE INGREDIENTS in pesticide products, as well as regulatory information and supporting scientific documents. Because various pesticide products can contain more than one active ingredient, it is important to READ the LABEL to determine chemical components.
With 192 different active ingredients and counting, it is essential to establish the connection between the use of these chemicals and their respective hazards.
View the step-by-step guide on how to search for the active ingredient(s) in pesticide products below:
- Go to U.S. EPA's Pesticide Product and Label System and enter the product name. The generic product name may vary.
- After searching, click on the chemical ingredients tab or the link for the most recent label to find Active Ingredients.
Chemical List Label List
If one selects the chemical ingredients tab, skip to Step 4 . If not, proceed to step number 3
- To find the active ingredient(s) on the label, search for the page in the document containing the date of registration. Usually, the active ingredients section occurs within the first few pages of the label document.
- Return to the Beyond Pesticides Gateway and search for the active ingredient name in the yellow box to the right or from the list below.
- Product Names:
- Uses: Targets various downy mildews, late blights, leaf spots, root rots, twig and blossom blights, seedling diseases, fruit molds/rots, root rots, and leaf/stem blights in agricultural crops including almond, apple, banana, bean (dry), broccoli, Brussels sprout, cabbage (including Chinese cabbage), cauliflower, collard, corn (sweet and pop), cranberry, cucumber, eggplant, endive, fig, garlic, grape, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce (head and leaf), melon (cantaloupe, casaba, crenshaw, honeydew, and watermelon), mustard greens, onion (dry bulb and green), papaya, pepper, potato, pumpkin, squash (summer and winter), sugar beet, tomato, and turnip grown for greens, barley, corn (field), cotton, flaxseed, oat, potato, rice, rye, safflower, sorghum, and wheat, also used in greenhouses, nurseries, and sod farms.
- Alternatives: Organic agriculture
- Beyond Pesticides rating: Toxic
Health and Environmental Effects
- Cancer: Probable (15), Yes (21)
- Endocrine Disruption: Probable (5), Yes (36)
- Reproductive Effects: Yes (4)
- Neurotoxicity: Yes (18)
- Kidney/Liver Damage: Yes (4)
- Sensitizer/ Irritant: Yes (4)
- Birth/Developmental: Yes (18)
- Detected in Groundwater: Not documented
- Potential Leacher: Yes (27)
- Toxic to Birds: Not documented
- Toxic to Fish/Aquatic Organisms: Yes (4)
- Toxic to Bees: Not documented
- Regulatory Status:
- EPA Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) signed (8/2005)
- Beyond Pesticides' RED comments.
- Supporting information:
- A fetal risk factor for Parkinson's disease.. Barlow, B.K., et al. 2004. Dev Neurosci 26(1):11-23
- Age-related irreversible progressive nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurotoxicity in the paraquat and maneb model of the Parkinson's disease phenotype.. Thiruchelvam, M., et al. 2003. Eur J Neurosci 18(3):589-600
- Aldehyde dehydrogenase variation enhances effect of pesticides associated with Parkinson disease.. Fitzmaurice AG, Rhodes SL, et al. 2014. Neurology.82(5):419-26.
- Combined exposure to agriculture pesticides, paraquat and maneb, induces alterations in the N/OFQ-NOPr and PDYN/KOPr systems in rats: Relevance to sporadic Parkinson's disease.. Bastías-Candia S, Di Benedetto M, D'Addario C, Candeletti S, Romualdi P. 2013. Environ Toxicol. doi: 10.1002/tox.21943
- Developmental exposure to the pesticides paraquat and maneb and the Parkinson's disease phenotype.. Thiruchelvam, M., et al. 2002. Neurotoxicology 23(4-5):621-633
- Developmental pesticide exposures and the Parkinson's disease phenotype.. Cory-Slechta D.A., et al. 2005. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 73:136–139
- Dopamine Transporter Genetic Variants and Pesticides in Parkinson’s Disease. Ritz BR, et al. 2009. Environ Health Perspect 117(6)
- Exposure to pesticides or solvents and risk of Parkinson disease.. Pezzoli G, Cereda E. 2013. Neurology. 80(22):2035-41
- Headache caused by pesticides--a review of the literature. Titlić, M., Josipović-Jelić, Z. and Punda, A., 2008. Acta medica Croatica: casopis Hravatske akademije medicinskih znanosti, 62(2), pp.233-236.
- Pesticides expenditures by farming type and incidence of Parkinson disease in farmers: A French nationwide study. Perrin, L., Spinosi, J., Chaperon, L., Kab, S., Moisan, F. and Ebaz, A. Environmental Research, 197, p.111161.