Gateway on Pesticide Hazards and Safe Pest Management
Beyond Pesticides offers resources below to evaluate the health and ecological effects of specific chemical exposure from ACTIVE INGREDIENTS in pesticide products, as well as regulatory information and supporting scientific documents. Because various pesticide products can contain more than one active ingredient, it is important to READ the LABEL to determine chemical components.
With 192 different active ingredients and counting, it is essential to establish the connection between the use of these chemicals and their respective hazards.
View the step-by-step guide on how to search for the active ingredient(s) in pesticide products below:
- Go to U.S. EPA's Pesticide Product and Label System and enter the product name. The generic product name may vary.
- After searching, click on the chemical ingredients tab or the link for the most recent label to find Active Ingredients.
Chemical List Label List
If one selects the chemical ingredients tab, skip to Step 4 . If not, proceed to step number 3
- To find the active ingredient(s) on the label, search for the page in the document containing the date of registration. Usually, the active ingredients section occurs within the first few pages of the label document.
- Return to the Beyond Pesticides Gateway and search for the active ingredient name in the yellow box to the right or from the list below.
- Fact Sheet: Synthetic Pyrethroids.pdf
- Product Names:
- Chemical Class: (Type I) Synthetic Pyrethroid Insecticide
- Uses: Agriculture, Residential / household, animal health (pet-cleaning products, pet-flea collar treatments), and against various insects (mosquitoes, ants, houseflies, fleas, ticks and cockroaches)
- Alternatives: ManageSafe™, Organic Agriculture, Least-toxic mosquito control
- Beyond Pesticides rating: Toxic
Health and Environmental Effects
- Cancer: Possible (104)
- Endocrine Disruption: Likely (103, 104, 105, 108)
- Reproductive Effects: Not documented
- Neurotoxicity: Yes (105, 106)
- Kidney/Liver Damage: Yes (109)
- Sensitizer/ Irritant: Yes (107)
- Birth/Developmental: Not documented
- Detected in Groundwater: Not documented
- Potential Leacher: Not documented
- Toxic to Birds: Not documented
- Toxic to Fish/Aquatic Organisms: Yes (103)
- Toxic to Bees: Yes (103)
Residential Uses as Found in the ManageSafe™ Database
- Regulatory Status:
- Pesticide Registration Review: Proposed Interim Decisions for Several Pesticides (05/05/2020)
- NOTICE OF PESTICIDE: Registration (under FIFRA) of Duet HD Dual-Action Adulticide (01/29/16)
- Prallethrin; Pesticide Tolerances a Rule by the Environmental Protection Agency (10/29/2014)
- Registration Review; Pesticide Dockets Opened for Review and Comment and Other Action (07/06/2012)
- Prallethrin Summary Document / and Preliminary Work Plan (06/08/2012)
- Prallethrin: Human Health Risk Assessment for the Public Health Use of Mosquito Adulticides Containing Prallethrin.(11/21/2003)
- Label Change: WHITMIRE TC 161 INJECTION SYSTEM (09/23/2002)
- Registration of EVERCIDE® Residual And & Roach Spray (EPA Reg. No. 1021-1601), Containing the New Active Ingredient Prallethrin (ETOC) (07/11/1997)
- NOTICE OF PESTICIDE: Registration (under FIFRA) of WHITMIRE TC 161 INJECTION SYSTEM (04/09/1997)
- Supporting information:
- Appendix D Pesticide Technical Background Information (Blankinship & Associates, Inc)
- Pesticide Database: Prallethrin (Pesticide Action Network)
- Pesticide Properties DataBase (PPDB): Prallethrin (University of Hertforshire, UNited Kingdom)
- Specifications and Evaluations or Public Health Pesticides: PRALLETHRIN (World Health Organization)
- Na, H.G., Kim, Y.D., Choi, Y.S., Bae, C.H. and Song, S.Y., 2018. Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 503(1), pp.316-322.
- Cardiac Conduction Disturbance Due To Prallethrin (Pyrethroid) Poisoning Bhaskar, E.M., Moorthy, S., Ganeshwala, G. and Abraham, G., 2010. Journal of Medical Toxicology, 6(1), pp.27-30.