Gateway on Pesticide Hazards and Safe Pest Management
1,3-D is often formulated with chloropicrin both as a warning agent and to enhance plant pathogen and weed control.
- Product Names:
- Chemical Class: Soil fumigant
- Uses: Broad spectrum soil fumigant to control various soil-borne diseases, nematodes, and/or garden symphylans on a range of agricultural (fruiting, leafy, and root vegetable crops; legumes; corn and tobacco) and non-agricultural crops (ornamentals, non-bearing fruit/nut trees, forestry crops, lawns and turf, golf course). It also has drip irrigation uses on established vineyards.
- Alternatives: Organic agriculture
- Beyond Pesticides rating: Toxic
Health and Environmental Effects
- Cancer: Yes (3, 8, 21)
- Endocrine Disruption: Not documented
- Reproductive Effects: Not documented
- Neurotoxicity: Not documented
- Kidney/Liver Damage: Yes (8)
- Sensitizer/ Irritant: Yes (8)
- Birth/Developmental: Not documented
- Detected in Groundwater: yes (8, 27)
- Potential Leacher: Yes (8, 27)
- Toxic to Birds: Yes (8)
- Toxic to Fish/Aquatic Organisms: Yes (8)
- Toxic to Bees: Not documented
- Regulatory Status:
- Supporting information:
- NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
- Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 2008. Toxicological Profile for 1,3-Dichloropropene. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service.
- Strawberry Drip Fumigation. UC Pest Management Guidelines.
- The Center for Investigative Reporting. Dark Side of the Strawberry. RevealNews.org