Gateway on Pesticide Hazards and Safe Pest Management
Beyond Pesticides offers resources below to evaluate the health and ecological effects of specific chemical exposure from ACTIVE INGREDIENTS in pesticide products, as well as regulatory information and supporting scientific documents. Because various pesticide products can contain more than one active ingredient, it is important to READ the LABEL to determine chemical components.
With 192 different active ingredients and counting, it is essential to establish the connection between the use of these chemicals and their respective hazards.
View the step-by-step guide on how to search for the active ingredient(s) in pesticide products below:
- Go to U.S. EPA's Pesticide Product and Label System and enter the product name. The generic product name may vary.
- After searching, click on the chemical ingredients tab or the link for the most recent label to find Active Ingredients.
Chemical List Label List
If one selects the chemical ingredients tab, skip to Step 4 . If not, proceed to step number 3
- To find the active ingredient(s) on the label, search for the page in the document containing the date of registration. Usually, the active ingredients section occurs within the first few pages of the label document.
- Return to the Beyond Pesticides Gateway and search for the active ingredient name in the yellow box to the right or from the list below.
- Fact Sheet: Fipronil.pdf
- Product Names:
- Chemical Class: Phenyl pyrazole insecticide
- Uses: Residential baits and gels, agriculture, golf courses
- Alternatives: least Toxic Biats and gels, Organic agriculture, golf courses
- Beyond Pesticides rating: Toxic
Health and Environmental Effects
- Cancer: Possible (10)
- Endocrine Disruption: Yes (36)
- Reproductive Effects: Yes (7)
- Neurotoxicity: Yes (7)
- Kidney/Liver Damage: Yes (7)
- Sensitizer/ Irritant: Yes (7)
- Birth/Developmental: Not documented
- Detected in Groundwater: Not documented
- Potential Leacher: Not documented
- Toxic to Birds: Yes (7, 27)
- Toxic to Fish/Aquatic Organisms: Yes (7, 27)
- Toxic to Bees: Yes (7, 27)
Residential Uses as Found in the ManageSafe™ Database
- Regulatory Status:
- Supporting information:
- Daily News Blog entries (Beyond Pesticides)
- NCAP Fipronil Factsheet (Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides)
- NPIC Fipronil Factsheet (National Pesticide Information Center)
- PAN Pesticides Database:Fipronil (Pesticide Action Network)
- PAN-UK Fipronil Factsheet (Pesticide Action Network UK)
- CHEJ Fipronil Factsheet (Children's Health Environmental Coalition)
- Effects of neonicotinoids and fipronil on non-target invertebrates. [Pisa,LW, Amaral-Rogers, V et al. 2015. Environ SCi and Poll Res. 22(1):68-102]
- Fipronil-induced disruption of thyroid function in rats is mediated by increased total and free thyroxine clearances concomitantly to increased activity of hepatic enzymes. Leghait J, et al. 2009. Toxicology
- Reproductive adverse effects of fipronil in Wistar rats. Ohi et al. 2004. Toxicology Letters
- Human exposure to fipronil from dogs treated with frontline. Jennings, K.A. 2002. Vet Hum Toxicol
- Diverse neurotoxicants target the differentiation of embryonic neural stem cells into neuronal and glial phenotypes.. Slotkin TA, Skavicus S, Card J, et al. 2016. Toxicology. 372:42-51
- Pesticides are the dominant stressors for vulnerable insects in lowland streams. Liess, M., Liebmann, L., Vormeier, P., Weisner, O., Altenburger, R., Borchardt, D., Brack, W., Chatzinotas, A., Escher, B., Foit, K. and Gunold, R. Water Research, 201, p.117262.