In our tools for change section you can learn how to organize your community against pesticide use, discover concrete examples of local IPM strategies, review examples of pesticide free parks, understand legislation, and take note of personal testimonies.
- How to
Organize in Your Community
Are you concerned about the pesticide practices taking place in your community and want things to change? You have the power to set in motion a course for positive reforms. Organizing a campaign in your neighborhood is a forceful way to stand up for your right not to be exposed to toxic chemicals. Consider starting a local Beyond Pesticides organization in your community. You may be reeling with enthusiasm for such an endeavor, and perhaps confusion too. How do you start? What exactly do you do to reform pesticide practices once you have set up your organization? The articles and resources below provide concrete advice and ideas about community pesticide activism.
- Local Organic Land Management, IPM and Pesticide
Reduction Policies and Programs
An Organic Land Management program, or a strong integrated pest management (IPM) definition and policy is one
of the best ways to minimize or eliminate exposure to pesticides. IPM is a term that is used loosely with many different
definitions and methods of implementation. Beyond Pesticides defines IPM as a program of prevention, monitoring, and control which offers
the opportunity to eliminate or drastically reduce pesticides,
and to minimize the toxicity of and exposure to any products which are
used. Education, in the form of workshops, training sessions and written
materials, is an essential component of an IPM program. Concrete examples of IPM strategies and pesticide reduction policies have been implemented in the following localities
- Model Ordinance for Public Property.
- Applicable to all localities in the United States, but only restricts pesticide use on publicly owned property. If you live in one of the 21 states that are not explicitly pre-empted by state pesticide policy we encourage you to use the Model Ordinance for Public and Private Property, below.
- Model Ordinance for Public and Private Property.
- Takoma Park, MD, and Ogunquit, ME banned cosmetic lawn pesticides on both public property and private, residential property throughout the city.
- Beyond Pesticides worked with community members in Takoma Park to help pass the Safe Grow Act, and also created educational materials for the city in order to implement the ordinance. See Beyond Pesticides' model implementation plan here.
- California has been a bastion for growing city-wide IPM and Pesticide Reduction policies and programs:
- These trends have been support around the nation including:
- Cuyahoga County, OH
- Durango, CO
County (weed and feed product ban)
MA (organic land care policy)
- Wellfleet, MA (Selectmen's meeting minutes, see p. 3)
- Bernards' Township, NJ
York City, NY
County, WA (County-wide)
- Pesticide-Free Places: In order to provide citizens with the utmost level of transparency, communities across the country are beginning to put their pesticide free zones on a real-time map! Find outdoor areas in King
County managed pesticide-free or pesticide-reduced to protect people,
water and wildlife. This interactive map lists over 800 parks, garden, trails and natural
areas in King County. Including, of course, parks in the City of
Shoreline and the City of Seattle.
WA (PBT and pesticide reduction city policy)
WA (City Program)
- Washington, DC ("Pesticide Education and Control Amendment Act of 2012")
- Greenbelt, MD
A growing number of communities across the country, concerned about pesticide
impacts to public health, the environment, and wildlife, are taking actions
that you can replicate in your own city or town. From the north shore
of Massachusetts to San Diego, CA, municipalities are establishing pesticide-free
parks, piloting organic playing fields, passing policies that restrict
pesticides on municipal lands, or voluntarily for private land.
- Some of the most promising examples of pesticide free parks include:
- Eastwood Park
in Mill Valley, CA
- Fairfax, CA
- Corte Madera, CA
- Sarasota, FL
MA (Town-owned land)
- Brick, NJ
- Ocean City,
CT (The Sounds article).
- State Policies
Bylaws Banning Pesticide Use
Documenting Adverse Effects of Lawn Pesticides:
- Beyond Pesticides' Daily News. 2014. Scientist Warns of Ecological Effects Assoicated with Lawn Care Pesticide Runoff.
- Anthony Samsel and Stephanie Seneff. 2013. Glyphosate’s Suppression of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes and Amino Acid Biosynthesis by the Gut Microbiome: Pathways to Modern Diseases. Entropy 2013, 15(4), 1416-1463; doi:10.3390/e15041416
- Rick A. Relyea 2012. New effects of Roundup on amphibians: Predators reduce herbicide mortality; herbicides induce antipredator morphology. Ecological Applications 22:634–647. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/11-0189.1
- Rosso, A.L., et al. 2008. A case-control study of childhood brain tumors and fathers' hobbies: a Children's Oncology Group study Cancer Causes Control. 19(10)1201-1207
- Teitelbaum, S.L., et al. 2007. Reported residential pesticide use and breast cancer risk on Long Island, New York. American Journal of Epidemiology. 165(6):643-651
Backgrounder. 2005 April. Beyond Pesticides/National Coalition
for Pesticide-Free Lawns. An overview of scientific studies supporting
hazards of lawn pesticides.
- Sanborn, Margaret,
et al. 2004 April. “Systematic
Review of Pesticides Human Health Effects,” The Ontario
College of Family Physicians (OCFP). Toronto, Ontario.
- Glickman, Lawrence,
et al. 2004. "Herbicide
exposure and the risk of transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary
bladder in Scottish Terriers," Journal of the American
Veterinary Medical Association. 224(8): 1290-1297. (Press
- Porter, Warren.
2004, Spring. “Do Pesticides
Affect Learning and Behavior? The neuro-endocrine-immune connection,” Pesticides And You. Beyond Pesticides. 21(4):11-15. (Overview
of Dr. Porter's findings published in Environ Health Perspectives
and Toxicology and Industrial Health.)
- Greenlee, Anne,
et al. 2004."Low-Dose
Agrochemicals and Lawn-Care Pesticides Induce Developmental Toxicity
in Murine Preimplantation Embryos," Environ Health
- Colt, Joanne,
et al. 2004. “Comparison
of pesticide levels in Carpet dust and self-reported pest treatment
practices in four US sites.” J. of Exposure Analysis
and Environ. Epidemiology, 14:74–83.
- Salam, MT,
et al. 2004. "Early
Life Environmental Risk Factors for Asthma: Findings from the Children's
Health Study." Environmental Health Perspectives.
- Nishioka, Marcia
G., et al. 2001."Distribution
of 2,4-D in Air and on Surfaces inside Residences after Lawn Applications:
Comparing Exposure Estimates from Various Media for Young Children," Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(11), November.
- Hardell, Lennart
and Mikarl Eriksson. 1999."A
Case-Control Study of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and Exposure to Pesticides," American Cancer Society.
- Zahm, S. "Mortality
study of pesticide applicators and other employees of a lawn care
service company." National Cancer Institute. J. Occup
Environ Med. 1997 Nov;39(11):1055-67.
- Nishioka, Marcia
G., et al. 1996. "Measuring
Transport of Lawn-Applied Herbicide Acids from Turf to Home: Correlation
of Dislodgeable 2,4-D Turf Residues with Carpet Dust and Carpet
Surface Residues," Environmental Science & Technology,
- Hayes, Howard
M., et al. 1991."Case-Control
Study of Canine Malignant Lymphoma: Positive Association With Dog
Owner's Use of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid Herbicides," Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 83:1226-1231.
and Public Comments
- Statement of Jay Feldman, Beyond Pesticides executive director on Safe Grow Zone Ordinance to Takoma Park City Council. (March 18, 2013)
risk assessment Phase 5 of 6 by Beyond Pesticides and friends.
(March 14, 2005)
Environmental Guidelines for Responsible Lawn Care and Landscaping by Beyond Pesticides and nearly 20 other groups (January 27, 2005)
risk assessment by Beyond Pesticides, NRDC, PAN and some 40 others.
(August 23, 2004)
Lawn and Environment Guidelines by Beyond
Pesticides. (June 14, 2004) See Daily
of Jay Feldman, Executive Director Beyond Pesticides/NCAMP before
Economic And Environmental Affairs Committee, Maryland Senate. (February
- U.S. General
Accounting Office (GAO) Reports:
- U.S. GAO, EPA Should take Steps to Improve Its Oversight of Conditional Registrations, August, 2013
- U.S. GAO, Lawn
Care Pesticides: Reregistration Falls Further Behind and Exposure
Effects Are Uncertain, GAO/RCED-93-80, April 1993.
- U.S. GAO, Lawn
Care Pesticides: EPA Needs to Assess State Notification Programs,
GAO/RCED-91-208, September 1991.
- U.S. GAO,
Care Pesticides: Risks Remain Uncertain While Prohibited Safety
Claims Continue pdf, html,
GAO/RCED-90-134, March 1990.
- Other Reports:
- A Cost Comparison of Conventional (Chemical) Turf Management and Natural (Organic) Turf Management for School Athletic Fields (Prepared by Grassroots Environmental Education and National Landscape Expert Chip Osborne, March, 2010)
Impact of By-Laws and Public Education Programs on Reducing the
Cosmetic / Non-Essential, Residential Use of Pesticides: A Best
Practices Review (The Canadian Center for Pollution Prevention, February 26, 2004)
Review of Pesticides Human Health Effects (The Ontario
College of Family Physicians, April 23, 2004)
Cancer Society "breakfast kit" - see Section IV
Cancer Society Public Opinion Research - see page 29
are the findings of an Ipsos Reid telephone poll conducted on
behalf of the Canadian Cancer Society and fielded between the
dates of February 5 and 17, 2008. The poll is based on a randomly
selected sample of 600 adult British Columbian residents. With
a sample of this size, the results are considered accurate to
within ± 4.0 percentage points, 19 times out of 20, of
what they would have been had the entire adult British Columbia
population been polled. The margin of error will be larger within
regions and for other sub-groupings of the survey population.
These data were statistically weighted to ensure the sample's
regional and age/sex composition reflects that of the actual
British Columbia population according to the 2006 Census data.