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.Gateway on Pesticide Hazards and Safe Pest Management (Read about the Gateway)
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Active Ingredient (factsheets)

Chemical
Class

Uses and Alternatives
Our Rating

Health and Environment
Effects

Regulatory Status
Supporting Information
Key Studies

 

Phenoxy herbicide
Agriculture, lawns/ broadleaf
 RED signed (6/2005), Beyond Pesticides RED comments.
Insecticide/ miticide
 
 not yet reviewed
 
Organophosphate insecticide
 
IRED signed (9/2001), Beyond Pesticides OP cumulative risk comments.
 
Acetanilide herbicide
Agriculture, ornamental/ grasses, broadleaf
RED signed (9/1998).
 
Carbamate insecticide
RED scheduled for 9/2006.
 Learning Behavior (Porter)
  Triazine herbicide
 RED signed (4/2006), Beyond Pesticides risk assessment comments.
Soil bacterium insecticide  
 RED signed (09/1997), Beyond Pesticides GMO BT crops comments.
 
Carbamate insecticide 
Phased out
 
Fungicide
Phased out
 
Bensulide
(see product names)
 Organophosphate herbicide
 
 IRED signed (9/2000). Beyond Pesticides OP cumulative risk comments.
 
Boron compound
Residential insecticide, fungicide, herbicide.
 TRED scheduled for 6/2006.
NCAP, PAN
 
Boric Acid Outperforms Dursban in School IPM Program
Bromacil
(see product names)
Substituted uracil herbicide 
 RED signed (9/1996).
 
Chlorinated organosulfur fungicide 
Agriculture, ornamental/ lawn, paint additive
 RED signed (09/1999). Cancer classification change comments.
 
Carbamate insecticide
  Agriculture, ornamental/ lawn, livestock, pets

 IRED signed (06/2003). Beyond Pesticides IRED comments and NRDC IRED comments.

 
Organochlorine fungicide
Agriculture, ornamental/ lawn, adhesive and grout additive  
RED signed (09/1998). NY tolerance petition.
 
 Organophosphate insecticide
EPA and Dow agreed to stop the sale of most residential uses because of health risks to children. IRED signed (09/2001). Beyond Pesticides Revised Risk Assessment comments
School pesticide poisonings (JAMA), Chlorpyrifos associated birth defects (Sherman).  
Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA)
(see product names)
Inorganic arsenical wood preservative
No longer be used, except industrial uses (1/2004). Existing residential structures not affected. Docket. Beyond Pesticides comments.
 
Clopyralid
(see product names)
Herbicide
not reviewed  
 
Cyfluthrin
(see product names)
see also Synthetic Pyrethroids
Synthetic pyrethroid insecticide
not reviewed
Cypermethrin
(see product names)
see also Synthetic Pyrethroids
Synthetic pyrethroid insecticide
RED scheduled for 5/2006.
Dacthal (DCPA)
(see product names)
phthalate pre-emergent herbicide
RED signed (09/1995)
DEET
(see product names)
Aromatic amide insecticide
RED signed (04/1998)
Diazinon
(see product names)
Organophosphate insecticide
IRED signed (08/2002), Most residential uses phased-out (12/2002), Revised risk assessment comments, Phaseout press release
 
Dicamba
(see product names)
benzoic acid herbicide
RED signed (06/2006).
Dichlorvos (DDVP)
(see product names)
Organophosphate insecticide
Food storage, green houses, barns, livestock; Pest strips in homes, Flea control on pets

IRED signed (06/2006). Beyond Pesticides OP cumulative risk comments.

 
Diflubenzuron (see product names)
Benzoylphenyl ureainsecticide
Agriculture, Forestry, and Ornamentals
RED signed (06/1997)
 
Diquat Dibromide
(see product names)
Bipyridylium herbicide and dessicant
TRED signed (04/2002)
 
Disodium Methanear- sonate (DSMA)
(see product names)
Arsenical herbicide
RED posted August 2006; Comments Accepted through October 10, 2006.
 
Endothall
(see product names)
Dicarboxylic acid herbicide
Aquatic weeds, Agriculture
RED signed (09/2005).
 
Fenoxycarb
(see product names)
Carbamate insecticide
not reviewed
 
Fenthion
(see product names)
Organophosphate insecticide
Mosquitoes (Florida only)
IRED online. Beyond Pesticides OP cumulative risk comments.

Asthma, Extoxnet, ABC birds, Scorecard, Defenders of Wildlife, PAN

 
Fenvalerate
(see product names)
Synthetic pyrethroid insecticide
No registered uses
This chemical was voluntarily cancelled by the registrant.
Fipronil
(see product names)
Phenyl pyrazole insecticide
Not yet reviewed
 
Fluvalinate
(see product names)
Synthetic pyrethroid insecticide
RED signed (09/2005)
 
Fosamine Ammonium
(see product names)
Herbicide
Rights-of-way, industrial sites, fencerows
RED signed (12/1994). Not registered in CA , AZ.
 
Phosphanoglycine herbicide
Agriculture, ornamental/ lawn, greenhouses, forestry, rights-of-way
RED signed (09/1993).
Learning Behavior (Porter), Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and Pesticides, (American Cancer Society)
Benzoylurea insecticide
Not reviewed
 
Chloro-nicotinyl insecticide
Not reviewed
Organophosphate insecticide
Historically: Agriculture, Golf courses, Residential. All uses cancelled.
Tolerances revoked and registrations cancelled. (05/1999). Beyond Pesticides OP cumulative risk comments
Isoxaben
(see product names)
Amide herbicide
Rights-of-way, landscape, nurseries.
Not reviewed
Lambda-Cyhalothrin
(see product names)
Synthetic pyrethroid insecticide
Not reviewed
Lindane
(see product names)
Organochlorine insecticide
RED signed (7/2002) and RED Addendum signed (07/2006). NGO comments.
Malathion
(see product names)
Organophosphate insecticide
Maneb
(see product names)
Ethylene bisdithiocarbamate fungicide
Agriculture, Nurseries/ greenhouses
RED signed (08/2005)
 
MCPA
(see product names)
Phenoxy Herbicide
RED signed (09/2004)
 
Mecoprop (MCPP)
(see product names)
Chlorophenoxy herbicide
RED scheduled for 9/2007
 
Metam Sodium
(see product names)
Methyldithio-
carbamate soil fumigant
Agriculture, ornamental/ lawn, flower nursery
RED scheduled for 4/2007
Methoprene
(see product names)
Insect growth regulator biochemical insecticide
RED signed (03/1991)
Hindlimb deformities (Oulette, 1997)
Methoxychlor (see product names)
Organochlorine insecticide
No registered uses
RED signed (06/2004)
Mevinphos
(see product names)
Organophosphate insecticide
No registered uses
TRED signed (12/2000). Beyond Pesticides OP cumulative risk comments
Monosodium Methanear-
sonate (MSMA)

(see product names)
Arsenical herbicide
RED signed (8/2006)
Naphthalene
(see product names)

Polyaromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)
RED scheduled for 3/2008.
Oryzalin
(see product names)
Dinitroaniline sulfonamide herbicide
RED signed (09/1994).

Paraquat/ Paraquat Dichloride
(see product names)

Quaternary nitrogen herbicide
RED signed (08/1997).
Parathion/ Ethyl Parathion
(see product names)
 
Organophosphate insecticide
60-Day public participation period for risk management completed (05/2000).
 
PCNB (Quintozene, Pentachloro-nitrobenzene)
(see product names)
Organochlorine fungicide
Cole crops, ornamental bulbs for commercial production, seed treatments
RED signed (07/2006).
 
PDCB (Para-dichloro-benzene)
(see product names)
Chlorophenol compound
Mothballs and deodorizers, miticide for pet birds, rodent repellent
Not yet reviewed.
 
Pendimethalin
(see product names)
Dinitroaniline herbicide
RED signed (04/1997).
 
Penta-
chlorophenol

(see product names)
Chlorophenol compound
RED scheduled for 9/2005. Beyond Pesticides comments on PRA, Beyond Pesticides response to RED.
 
Permethrin
(see product names)
see also Synthetic Pyrethroids
Synthetic pyrethroid insecticide
RED signed (04/2006). Beyond Pesticides comments on RED, BP comments on Risk Assessment.
Phenothrin
(see product names)
 
see also Synthetic Pyrethroids
Synthetic pyrethroid
Not yet reviewed.
 
Picloram
(see product names)
Pyridine compound herbicide
Rights-of-way, rangeland and pastures, forestry, Agriculture.
RED signed (03/1995).
 
Piperonyl Butoxide
Pesticide synergist
RED signed (06/2006)
Pronamide/ Propyzamide
(see product names)
Herbicide
TRED signed (08/2002).
 

Propetamphos
(see product names)

Organophosphate insecticide
Residential/ commercial ants, cockroaches, fleas, and termites
IRED signed (12/2000). Beyond Pesticides OP cumulative risk comments.
 
Propoxur
(see product names)
Carbamate insecticide
Residential/ commercial ants, roaches, and hornets
RED signed (09/1997)

Pyrethrins
(see product names) 
see Synthetic Pyrethroids

Pyrethrin insecticide
Agriculture, livestock treatments, buildings and storage areas, Mosquitoes
RED signed (06/2006). Beyond Pesticides Pyrethrins RED comments.
Rotenone
(see product names)
Botanical insecticde
Residential, Agriculture, livestock treatments, and Aquatic pest management
RED scheduled for 5/2006
Sabadilla
(see product names)
Botanical insecticde
RED signed (09/2004)
 
Siduron
(see product names) 
Urea derivative herbicide
RED scheduled for 6/2008
 
Sulfur
(see product names) 
 Fungicide, miticide, insecticide, rodenticide
RED signed (03/1991)
 
Sulfuryl Fluoride
(see product names) 
Fungicide, Insecticide, Rodenticide
Fumigate residential and industrial closed spaces and contents for a variety of targets
RED signed (09/1993), Beyond Pesticides petition to cancel tolderances, comments on tolerances
 
 
Tetramethrin
(see product names)
see Synthetic Pyrethroids
Synthetic pyrethroid insecticide  
 Residential, Rights-of-way, Mosquitoes
RED scheduled for 9/2008
Thiram
(see product names) 
Dimethyl dithiocarbamate fungicide, animal repellant
 RED signed (09/2004)
 
Triadimefon
(see product names)
Triazole fungicide
 Agriculture, Christmas trees, Ornamental/ lawn, Turf
RED signed (08/2006). Most uses canceled in 2006.
 
Trichlorfon
(see product names)
  Organophosphate insecticide
Golf courses, Ornamental/ lawn, non-food contact areas of processing plants, fish ponds
 TRED signed (09/2001) Beyond Pesticides OP cumulative risk comments.
 
Triclopyr
(see product names)
Pyridine compound herbicide
 RED signed (09/1997)
 
triclosan
(see product names)
 Chlorinated phenol biocide
Consumer products, soaps, plastics, toothpastes, etc.
RED scheduled for 9/2007. Public interest petition.
 
Trifluralin
(see product names)
Dinitroaniline compound herbicide
 TRED signed (08/2004).
 
Ziram
(see product names)
Dithiocarbamate fungicide
 Agriculture, Ornamentals, latex paints. 
 RED signed (09/2003).