was registered March 23, 1989 for indoor, nonfood use in bait stations on
roaches and ants (U.S. EPA, 1989). It kills insects by disrupting energy
metabolism (Cox, 1997). It is the active ingredient in Firstline ™ GT
plus Termite Bait Station.
is expected to be of low oral, dermal, and inhalation toxicity, and to be
practically non-irritating to the skin and eyes.
Ingestion can produce symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominogenital
staining (MSDS, 1998). The oral LD50 for rats is 500 mg/kg; the dermal
toxicity for rabbits is LD50 >2000 mg/kg (U.S. EPA, 1989).
EPA has reported that, in laboratory animals, multiple exposures to
relatively low levels of sulfluramid can cause adverse reproductive and
developmental effects (Cox, 1997). The carcinogenicity status is not
listed. Feeding studies in dogs suggested that ingestion of high doses for
long periods of time might arrest spermatogenesis (MSDS, 1998).
is considered unlikely to enter groundwater (MSDS, 1998).
is highly toxic to birds and toxic to aquatic animals, with rainbow trout
killed by concentrations of 2 ppm (Cox, 1997)
C. 1997. "Subterranean Termites, Part 2." Journal of
Pesticide Reform 17(2):21.
Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Firstline GT plus Termite Bait Station. 1998.
FMC. Philadelphia, PA.
U.S. EPA. 1989. Sulfluramid (GX-071) EPA Pesticide Fact Sheet 3/89. Office of Pesticide Programs. March. Washington, DC.