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Gateway on Pesticide Hazards and Safe Pest Management

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Metam sodium

General Information

  • Fact Sheet: metam sodium.pdf
  • Product Names:
  • Chemical Class: Methyldithio-carbamate soil fumigant
  • Uses: Agricultural soil fumigant,currently labeled for use on all food, feed, and fiber crops; pre-plant on turf grass, to control invading plant roots in drains and sewers, and for vegetation control along drained ponds and lakes (in California only) used for wood pole processing, in leather processing and in raw cane and sugar processing, as well as in industrial water purification systems
  • Alternatives: Organic agriculture
  • Beyond Pesticides rating: Toxic

Health and Environmental Effects

  • Cancer: Probable (15)
  • Endocrine Disruption: Not documented
  • Reproductive Effects: Yes (7)
  • Neurotoxicity: Yes (7)
  • Kidney/Liver Damage: Not documented
  • Sensitizer/ Irritant: Not documented
  • Birth/Developmental Yes (21)
  • Detected in Groundwater: Not documented
  • Potential Leacher: Yes (7)
  • Toxic to Birds: Yes (40)
  • Toxic to Fish/Aquatic Organisms: Yes (7)
  • Toxic to Bees: Not documented

Additional Information