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Gateway on Pesticide Hazards and Safe Pest Management

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Copper Sulfate

(Basic, anhydrous and pentahydrate)

General Information

  • Product Names:
  • Chemical Class: Inorganic, Fungicide/Antimicrobial
  • Uses: Copper compounds are used for food/feed crops, including orchard, row, field, and aquatic crops, flowering/non-flowering plants and trees. Also as a wood preservative, mildewcide, water treatment, bactericide, and as an anti-foulant in many products including paint, glue, building materials and construction materials.
  • Alternatives: Organic AgricultureLawns/broadleaf plants
  • Beyond Pesticides rating: Toxic

Health and Environmental Effects

  • Cancer: Not documented
  • Endocrine Disruption: Not documented
  • Reproductive Effects: Yes (27)
  • Neurotoxicity: Not documented
  • Kidney/Liver Damage: Yes (27)
  • Sensitizer/ Irritant: Yes (8)
  • Birth/Developmental Not documented
  • Detected in Groundwater: Not documented
  • Potential Leacher: Not documented
  • Toxic to Birds: Moderately toxic (8, 27)
  • Toxic to Fish/Aquatic Organisms: Yes (27)
  • Toxic to Bees: Not documented

Additional Information