Dow Chemical Pesticides
A Beyond Pesticides Factsheet
D = EPA weight-of-evidence category, “not classifiable as to human
carcinogenicity,” usually due to inadequate data.
E = EPA weight-of-evidence category, “evidence of non-carcinogenicity
2B = International Agency for Research on Cancer, World Health Organization
(IARC) category, the agent (mixture) is possibly carcinogenic to humans.
X = Adverse effect demonstrated.
O = no data available
a - formulated with triclopyr
b - formulated with other active ingredients of concern
c - formulated with petroleum distillates. While petroleum distillates
not considered active ingredients because they do no specifically attack
the target pest, they are of concern to health and the environment and
are commonly found in formulations. Health effects of petroleum distillates
include dermatitis (skin irritation) and neurotoxic effects.
d -formulated with clopyralid
e - formulated with 2,4-D
1 - Extension Toxicology Network (EXTOXNET) Pesticide Information Profiles,
2 - Illinois EPA, Endocrine Disruptors Strategy, February 1997.
3 - Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides (NCAP), Pesticide
4 - Beyond Pesticides ChemWatch Factsheet.
5 - U.S. EPA, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances. R.E.D.
6 - Picloram causes birth defects when used in combination with 2,4-D
(as is common in formulations), according to Reference #3.